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Science:整合不同科学令生物医学研究得益Z大化

发表时间:2016-06-30  |  点击率:851

在本期的《政策论坛》中,Phillip Sharp和同事讨论了将工程、物理、计算、数学科学与生物医学科学整合的必要性,他们在本星期中发表了一篇报告,其中罗列了一些关键性的建议。作者们说,21世纪中物理学与工程的融合导致了在收音机、、汽车、飞机、计算机、互联网等方面丰富多彩的进展;如果恰当的投资和承诺到位,生物医学领域有望取得类似的进步。然而,来自物理、生物物理、数学、工程或生物工程领域的主导科学家中只有3%现在得到了联邦国立卫生院的研究基金,后者是为生物医学科学提供研究基金的主要来源。他们的报告“融合:卫生健康的未来”将于6月24日发表;在这一报告中,Sharp和同事列举了改善和加快这些领域融合以推进生物医学研究的若干建议,它们包括:大幅增加明确定位于融合项目的联邦生物医学研究基金;修改基金审查机制以纳入工程、计算和物理科学的专业知识;重组学术机构以更好地促进研究与教育的合作。尽管作者们引述了几个利用整合潜力的项目,但他们说,还有大量未竟工作有待完成;他们指出,国立卫生院应发挥主要作用。

 

 

原文链接:

Capitalizing on convergence for health care

原文摘要:

For decades, scientists have called for more collaboration between the life and physical sciences, and in the past 5 years, we have been among those calling for a new national research strategy—one we call “convergence”—that would integrate engineering, physical, computational, and mathematical sciences with biomedical science (1). Thanks to the accelerating pace of biological discovery, the expanding power of computation, and a new focus in engineering on biocompatible materials and nanotechnology, the potential of such a strategy for advances in health care is greater than ever (see the photo). Technologies emerging from such efforts have potential implications far beyond health care: creating jobs; speeding products to market; and improving everything from agriculture and the environment to defense, the economy, and energy production. It all adds up to a moment of unprecedented opportunity, if we choose to invest in it meaningfully. But so far we have not. We detail below, and in greater depth in a new report with colleagues from across the country (2), the stakes in the convergence revolution and what we should do to capitalize on it.

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